Beetles Species Richness along Environmental Gradients at Montane Ecosystem in Fraser's Hill, Peninsular Malaysia

Musthafa, Muneeb M. and Abdullah, Fauziah (2019) Beetles Species Richness along Environmental Gradients at Montane Ecosystem in Fraser's Hill, Peninsular Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (7). pp. 1395-1407. ISSN 0126-6039

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2019-4807-08

Abstract

This study measures beetle diversity and distribution pattern along elevations at Fraser’s Hill, a pristine tropical forest in Malaysia. Sites were sampled at 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m and 1800 m a.s.l. using two light traps, two Malaise traps and 25 pitfall traps at each elevation. Sampling was carried out at three months’ intervals in 2015. Altogether, 1981 beetles representing 32 families and 116 species were collected, with proportion of obtained species above 70% at all elevations. Species richness was not significant among elevations, thus forming no discernible pattern of species distribution. Higher Shannon diversity increased steadily with elevation and dominance was lowest at the two highest elevations, while beetle abundance decreases significantly with elevation. There was no significant difference between the diversity values at 500 m and 1000 m, and 1500 m and 1800 m, whereas there was significant difference between 500 m and 1500 m, and 1000 m and 1800 m. The results highlight the importance of different microhabitats for different beetle species and their own responses to environmental parameters that differ with altitudinal clines. These findings also highlight the importance of Fraser’s Hill as a key location for biological conservation and as protected area. © 2019 Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beetles; Biodiversity; Conservation; Ecosystem; Tropical forest
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 07:51
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 07:51
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23915

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