Optimal Scheduling of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Including Time-of-Use Tariff to Minimize Cost and System Stress

Suyono, Hadi and Rahman, Mir Toufikur and Mokhlis, Hazlie and Othman, Mohamadariff and Illias, Hazlee Azil and Mohamad, Hasmaini (2019) Optimal Scheduling of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Including Time-of-Use Tariff to Minimize Cost and System Stress. Energies, 12 (8). p. 1500. ISSN 1996-1073

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/en12081500

Abstract

Technological advancement, environmental concerns, and social factors have made plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) popular and attractive vehicles. Such a trend has caused major impacts to electrical distribution systems in terms of effciency, stability, and reliability. Moreover, excessive power loss, severe voltage deviation, transformer overload, and system blackouts will happen if PEV charging activities are not coordinated well. This paper presents an optimal charging coordination method for a random arrival of PEVs in a residential distribution network with minimum power loss and voltage deviation. The method also incorporates capacitor switching and on-load tap changer adjustment for further improvement of the voltage profile. The meta-heuristic methods, binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO) and binary grey Wolf optimization (BGWO), are employed in this paper. The proposed method considers a time-of-use (ToU) electricity tariff such that PEV users will get more benefits. The random PEV arrival is considered based on the driving pattern of four different regions. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, comprehensive analysis is conducted using a modified of IEEE 31 bus system with three different PEV penetrations. The results indicate a promising outcome in terms of cost and the distribution system stress minimization. © 2019 by the authors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: plug-in electric vehicle; charging coordination; optimization; time-of-use tariff
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 07:27
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 07:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23359

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