Loss and recovery of carbon and nitrogen after mangrove clearing

Adame, Maria Fernanda and Zakaria, Rozainah Mohamad and Fry, Brian D. and Chong, Ving Ching and Then, Amy Yee Hui and Brown, C.J. and Lee, Shing Yip (2018) Loss and recovery of carbon and nitrogen after mangrove clearing. Ocean & Coastal Management, 161. pp. 117-126. ISSN 0964-5691

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.04.019

Abstract

Offsetting carbon (C) emissions and reducing nitrogen (N) pollution have been goals of mangrove restoration programs around the world. There is a common, yet dubious expectation that mangrove restoration will result in immediate and perpetual delivery of ecosystem services. There are expected time lags between mangrove clearing and C and N losses, and between restoration and C and N gains. Obtaining accurate rates of losses and gains requires frequent and long-term sampling, which is expensive and time consuming. To address this knowledge gap, we used a chronosequence of mangrove forests in mangroves in Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve (MMFR) in Malaysia, a region with one of the most C dense forests in the world. In this site, we assessed the ecosystem C and N stocks, including soil, downed wood, downed litter, and trees. The objective was to measure C and N changes through time. After mangrove clearing, C and N losses in soil and downed wood were rapid, with stocks halved after just one year. In the first 10 years after replantation, the forest recovered quickly, with rates of C accumulation of 9.5 Mg C ha−1 yr−1. After ten years, the rate of accumulation decreased to 2.8 Mg C ha−1 yr−1. However, 40 years after replantation, mangroves were still about 26% lower in C and 15% lower in N compared to our reference forest. The trajectory of recovery of C and N stocks in these forests was different among mangrove components: forest litter recovered rapidly, but downed wood and soil recovered much slower. Programs aimed at reducing C emissions and N pollution should consider that there are temporal lags and ecosystem trade-offs when assessing the effectiveness of mangrove protection and restoration as climate change mitigation strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon and nitrogen; Chronosequences; Climate change mitigation; Ecosystem services; Long-term sampling; Nitrogen pollution; Protection and restoration; Restoration programs
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2019 04:41
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2019 04:41
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22707

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