Identification of crocin, crocetin and zeaxanthin in Crocus sativus grown under controlled environment in Malaysia

Anuar, Nordiyanah and Taha, Rosna Mat and Mahmad, Noraini and Othman, Rashidi (2018) Identification of crocin, crocetin and zeaxanthin in Crocus sativus grown under controlled environment in Malaysia. Pigment & Resin Technology, 47 (6). pp. 502-506. ISSN 0369-9420

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/PRT-11-2016-0107

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to identify the high valuable compounds which are crocin, crocetin and zeaxanthin in the stigmas and stamens of Crocus sativus grown under controlled environment in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach: Spectrophotometry and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis were used to identify and measure crocin, crocetin and zeaxanthin content qualitatively and quantitatively in the stigmas and stamens of C. sativus grown under controlled environment in Malaysia. Findings: The results of this study showed that crocin, crocetin and zeaxanthin were detected in the stigmas. However, among those three compounds, only crocetin was detected in the stamens. In the stigmas, the detectable level of crocin was high compared to crocetin and zeaxanthin. It was also found that crocetin was higher in the stamens compared to in the stigmas. Originality/value: This is the first attempt in Malaysia that the stigmas and stamens were directly purified from the natural sources by means of no addition of preservatives as C. sativus has never been grown here before. Furthermore, limited reports are available regarding the identification of compounds in saffron stamens.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crocetin; Crocin; Crocus sativus; Zeaxanthin
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2019 02:59
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 02:59
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22465

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