Madrasah for girls and private school for boys? The determinants of school type choice in rural and urban Indonesia

Asadullah, M. Niaz and Maliki, - (2018) Madrasah for girls and private school for boys? The determinants of school type choice in rural and urban Indonesia. International Journal of Educational Development, 62. pp. 96-111. ISSN 0738-0593

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2018.02.006

Abstract

Using a nationally representative data set on Indonesian households and villages, we study the determinants of enrolment in Islamic schools (i.e. madrasahs) and private schools vis-à-vis government schools. Multinomial logit estimates indicate that madrasahs systematically attract children from poorer households, rural locations and less educated parents while the opposite is true for private school enrolment. Moreover, girls are significantly more likely to be in madrasahs, irrespective of their locations, while boys enjoy a higher probability of enrolment in non-madrasah schools, particularly in urban areas. A significant effect of household income remains even after factoring out the influence of child characteristics, parental background, and village characteristics. Therefore policies that reduce household poverty are likely to reduce demand for Islamic schooling. However the presence of a “girl effect” in madrasah enrolment independent of household income and location factors is puzzling and underscores the need to better understand the socio-cultural determinants of school choice in Indonesia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: School choice; Gender; Poverty; Madrasah education; Indonesia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Economics & Administration
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 08:01
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 08:01
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22446

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