Ultrasonic technology for value added products from feather keratin

Azmi, Nur Afiqah and Idris, Azila and Yusof, Nor Saadah Mohd (2018) Ultrasonic technology for value added products from feather keratin. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 47. pp. 99-107. ISSN 1350-4177

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2018.04.016

Abstract

Feather keratin is a biomass generated in excess from various livestock industries. With appropriate processing, it holds potential as a green source for degradable biopolymer that could potentially replace current fossil fuel based materials. Several processing methods have been developed, but the use of ultrasonication has not been explored. In this study, we focus on (i) comparing and optimizing the dissolution process of turkey feather keratin through sonication and conventional processes, and (ii) generating a biodegradable polymer material, as a value added product, from the dissolved keratin that could be used in packaging and other applications. Sonication of feather keratin in pure ionic liquids (ILs) and a mixture containing ILs and different co-solvents was conducted under different applied acoustic power levels. It was found that ultrasonic irradiation significantly improved the rate of dissolution of feather keratin as compared to the conventional method, from about 2 h to less than 20 min. The amount of ILs needed was also reduced by introducing a suitable co-solvent. The keratin was then regenerated, analyzed and characterized using various methods. This material holds the potential to be reused in various appliances.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ultrasound; Regeneration; Keratin; Feather; Ionic liquids
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 01:47
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 01:47
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22397

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