Transformation of biomass into carbon nanofiber for supercapacitor application – A review

Azwar, Elfina and Wan Mahari, Wan Adibah and Chuah, Joon Huang and Vo, Dai-Viet N. and Ma, Nyuk Ling and Lam, Wei Haur and Lam, Su Shiung (2018) Transformation of biomass into carbon nanofiber for supercapacitor application – A review. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43 (45). pp. 20811-20821. ISSN 0360-3199

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.09.111

Abstract

This paper starts with a review on challenges and need of improved supercapacitor application, which is then followed by advantages of biomass compared with other materials for use in supercapacitor application. The conversion of biomass into carbon nanofiber using different techniques was extensively reviewed for its advantages and limitations. It was revealed that the materials currently used are yet to be fully sustainable or feasible for energy storage application. In contrast, biomass represents a widely available and sustainable material to be converted into carbon nanofiber for energy storage application. Different techniques were employed for carbon nanofiber production to achieve different objectives, comprising high product yield, feasible diameter adjustment, low electric consumption, and shorter production time. Nevertheless, it was revealed that many key properties of the biomass-derived carbon nanofiber have yet to be fully investigated, as there are still knowledge gaps to be filled for each technique. Thus, more studies are needed to broaden the existing understanding in the key parameters of different techniques in order to develop a highly desirable carbon nanofiber from biomass for sustainable energy storage application.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass; Carbon; Nanofiber; Supercapacitor; Energy storage
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 08:28
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019 08:28
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22390

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