Actions, emotional reactions and cyberbullying – From the lens of bullies, victims, bully-victims and bystanders among Malaysian young adults

Balakrishnan, Vimala (2018) Actions, emotional reactions and cyberbullying – From the lens of bullies, victims, bully-victims and bystanders among Malaysian young adults. Telematics and Informatics, 35 (5). pp. 1190-1200. ISSN 0736-5853

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2018.02.002

Abstract

This paper examined the emotional reactions and actions involving cyberbullying, focusing on the cyber bullies, victims, bully-victims and bystanders. Gender analysis was conducted to examine if males and females behave and react differently. Self-administered surveys were used to gather data from a large sample of 1158 young adults, mostly university students in Malaysia (Mage = 21.0 years; SD = 2.16). Findings indicate the presence of cyberbullying perpetration after the schooling years, with 8% (N = 93) bullying, 18.6% (N = 216) victimization, 15.2% (N = 174) bullying and victimization, and 53.4% (N = 675) witnessing a cyberbullying incident in the past one year. Most of the bullies reported to be remorseful; however the majority did nothing after a perpetration. Most of the victims on the other hand, experienced anger, sadness and depression after a victimization with the majority claiming to have defended themselves (75%). The majority of the bully-victims regretted their actions, pitied the victims and felt angry after a cyberbullying perpetration/victimization. Bystanders mostly reported feeling pity for the victim and angry at the bullies, with the majority (61.5%) claiming to have defended the victims. However, 40% of them behaved indifferently out of fear retaliation. Finally, gender analysis revealed females to have significantly experienced more emotions than males whereas more males did nothing after a cyberbullying incident, both as victims and bystanders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cyberbullying; Bullies; Victims; Bystander; Bully-victims; Gender; Actions; Emotional reactions; Young adults
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 00:43
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019 00:43
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22361

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