Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures

Becker, Maja and Vignoles, Vivian L. and Owe, Ellinor and Easterbrook, Matthew J. and Brown, Rupert and Smith, Peter B. and Abuhamdeh, Sami and Cendales Ayala, Boris and Garðarsdóttir, Ragna B. and Torres, Ana and Camino, Leoncio and Bond, Michael Harris and Nizharadze, George and Amponsah, Benjamin and Schweiger Gallo, Inge and Prieto Gil, Paula and Lorente Clemares, Raquel and Campara, Gabriella and Espinosa, Agustín and Yuki, Masaki and Zhang, Xiao and Zhang, Jianxin and Zinkeng, Martina and Villamar, Juan A. and Kusdil, Ersin and Çağlar, Selinay and Regalia, Camillo and Manzi, Claudia and Brambilla, Maria and Bourguignon, David and Möller, Bettina and Fülöp, Márta and Macapagal, Ma. Elizabeth J. and Pyszczynski, Tom and Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit and Gausel, Nicolay and Kesebir, Pelin and Herman, Ginette and Courtois, Marie and Harb, Charles and Jalal, Baland and Tatarko, Alexander and Aldhafri, Said and Kreuzbauer, Robert and Koller, Silvia H. and Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu and Fischer, Ronald and Milfont, Taciano L. and Des Rosiers, Sabrina E. and Jaafar, Jas Laile Suzana and Martin, Mariana and Baguma, Peter and Lv, Shaobo and Schwartz, Seth J. and Gavreliuc, Alin and Fritsche, Immo and González, Roberto and Didier, Nicolas and Carrasco, Diego and Lay, Siugmin (2018) Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures. Self and Identity, 17 (3). pp. 276-293. ISSN 1529-8868

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2017.1330222

Abstract

Self-continuity–the sense that one’s past, present, and future are meaningfully connected–is considered a defining feature of personal identity. However, bases of self-continuity may depend on cultural beliefs about personhood. In multilevel analyses of data from 7287 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations, we tested a new tripartite theoretical model of bases of self-continuity. As expected, perceptions of stability, sense of narrative, and associative links to one’s past each contributed to predicting the extent to which people derived a sense of self-continuity from different aspects of their identities. Ways of constructing self-continuity were moderated by cultural and individual differences in mutable (vs. immutable) personhood beliefs–the belief that human attributes are malleable. Individuals with lower mutability beliefs based self-continuity more on stability; members of cultures where mutability beliefs were higher based self-continuity more on narrative. Bases of self-continuity were also moderated by cultural variation in contextualized (vs. decontextualized) personhood beliefs, indicating a link to cultural individualism-collectivism. Our results illustrate the cultural flexibility of the motive for self-continuity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Identity; culture; self-continuity; mutability; personhood beliefs; mindset
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 03:27
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 03:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22329

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