Virtual R&D teams: a sustainable infrastructure for promoting SMEs

Ale Ebrahim, N.; Ahmed, S.; Taha , Z. (2008) Virtual R&D teams: a sustainable infrastructure for promoting SMEs. In: 2nd Engineering Conference (EnCon 2008), 18-19 December, Crowne Plaza Riverside Hotel, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.

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    Abstract

    small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are a major part of the industrial economies. Their survival and growth has therefore been a prominent issue. Research and development (R&D) enables firms to create new technologies and/or to build on existing technologies obtained through technology transfer. Nowadays unpredictable environment suggests that many firms seek new ways of conducting their business through some kind of R&D activities to make a profit and stay ahead of the competition. To survive in the global economy SMEs have to improve their products and processes exploiting their intellectual capital in a dynamic network of knowledge-intensive relations inside and outside their borders. SMEs need to focus on core competences for efficiency matters; they need to cooperate with external partners to compensate for other competences and resources. Responding to the increasing de-centralization and globalization of work processes, many SMEs have responded to their dynamic environments by introducing virtual teams. Virtual teams are growing in popularity. By a comprehensive literature review this article following define a virtual teams, SMEs and its characteristics, addressing a sustainable infrastructure for promoting SMEs. Finally conclude that managers of SMEs should invest less in tangible assets, but more in the areas of expanding virtual R&D activities which will directly generate their future competitive advantage. Future research need to elaborate the effect of virtual R&D team working on the performance of SMEs.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Virtual R&D; SMEs
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    L Education > L Education (General)
    T Technology > T Technology (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
    Depositing User: Dr. Nader Ale Ebrahim
    Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2011 10:56
    Last Modified: 31 Oct 2011 10:56
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2215

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