Real time eyeball tracking via derivative dynamic time warping for human-machine interface

Mokhtar, N.B.; Arof, H.; Iwahashi, M. (2011) Real time eyeball tracking via derivative dynamic time warping for human-machine interface. International Journal of Innovative Computing Information and Control, 7 (7B). pp. 4335-4346. ISSN 1349-4198

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Abstract

In this paper, a real time, user independent eyeball tracking approach is presented. The system is implemented by using a low cost webcam. The robustness of the system is measured by several criteria such as users of different age where some of the users are wearing glasses under varying lighting condition, pose, eye orientation and distance from camera. The size and location of the region of interest which contains both eyes are made adaptive. Derivative Dynamic Time Warping is chosen as the classifier for this experiment since it can match patterns from data sequences with different lengths. Finally, the results, advantages, limitations and future works of the proposed method are reported. The online eye tracking procedure shows good accuracy and robustness when processing online image sequences at 50 frames/s on a 253 GHz Pavilion DV4 HP notebook.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
  1. Mokhtar, N.B.(University of Malaya)
  2. Arof, H.(University of Malaya)
  3. Iwahashi, M.(Nagaoka Univ Technol)
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Innovative Computing Information and Control
Additional Information: Univ Malaya, Fac Engn, Dept Elect Engn, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Automation & Control Systems; Computer Science
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Faizal Hamzah
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2011 09:07
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2011 09:07
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/2169

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