EEG Spectral Analysis on Muslim Prayers

Doufesh, H.; Faisal, T.; Lim, K.S.; Ibrahim, F. (2011) EEG Spectral Analysis on Muslim Prayers. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback.

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This study investigated the proposition of relaxation offered by performing the Muslim prayers by measuring the alpha brain activity in the frontal (F3-F4), central (C3-C4), parietal (P3-P4), and occipital (O1-O2) electrode placements using the International 10-20 System. Nine Muslim subjects were asked to perform the four required cycles of movements of Dhuha prayer, and the EEG were subsequently recorded with open eyes under three conditions, namely, resting, performing four cycles of prayer while reciting the specific verses and supplications, and performing four cycles of acted salat condition (prayer movements without any recitations). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests revealed that there were no significant difference in the mean alpha relative power (RP(α)) between the alpha amplitude in the Dhuha prayer and the acted conditions in all eight electrode positions. However, the mean RP(α) showed higher alpha amplitude during the prostration position of the Dhuha prayer and acted condition at the parietal and occipital regions in comparison to the resting condition. Findings were similar to other studies documenting increased alpha amplitude in parietal and occipital regions during meditation and mental concentration. The incidence of increased alpha amplitude suggested parasympathetic activation, thus indicating a state of relaxation. Subsequent studies are needed to delineate the role of mental concentration, and eye focus, on alpha wave amplitude while performing worshipping acts.

Item Type: Article
  1. Doufesh, H.(Fac of Eng, University of Malaya)
  2. Faisal, T.(Fac of Eng, University of Malaya)
  3. Lim, K.S.(Fac of Medicine, University of Malaya)
  4. Ibrahim, F.(Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
Journal or Publication Title: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Uncontrolled Keywords: Salat; Muslims prayer; EEG; Alpha wave; Prostration
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Zanaria Saupi Udin
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2011 15:04
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 13:49

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