Improved energy conversion performance of a novel design of concentrated photovoltaic system combined with thermoelectric generator with advance cooling system

Lekbir, Abdelhak and Hassani, Samir and Ab Ghani, Mohd Ruddin and Gan, Chin Kim and Mekhilef, Saad and Saidur, Rahman (2018) Improved energy conversion performance of a novel design of concentrated photovoltaic system combined with thermoelectric generator with advance cooling system. Energy Conversion and Management, 177. pp. 19-29. ISSN 0196-8904

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.09.053

Abstract

Most of the incident solar energy on a PV panel is converted into waste heat. This consequently reduces the efficiency of PV system. Therefore, if certain portion of this waste heat can be utilized adding a thermoelectric generator (TEG) in the PV panel endowed by an efficient cooling system, the output performance of the system can be improved significantly. In this study, a new configuration of nanofluid-based PV/T-TEG hybrid system with cooling channel is proposed to convert certain portion of waste heat to electrical energy in order to improve the overall efficiency of hybrid system. Thus, the nanofluid acts as a coolant and absorbs the heat from the back side of TEG module raising its gradient of temperature, as well as the overall performance of the system. Through a numerical modelling approach, performance of the proposed innovative design has been investigated and compared with the conventional solar-harvesting technology systems. At the optimum value of solar concentration C, and maximum operating temperature of 35°C, the obtained results reveal that the electrical energy in NCPV/T-TEG configuration has been found higher by 10%, 47.7% and 49.5% against NCPV/T, CPV and CPV/TEG-HS systems, respectively. Overall, the proposed design of NCPV/T-TEG hybrid system has potential for further development in high-concentration solar systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PV/T; Thermoelectric conversion; Nanofluid; Energy conversion; Exergy
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2019 08:14
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 08:14
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21490

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