Deep eutectic solvent and inorganic salt pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for improving xylose recovery

Loow, Yu-Loong and Wu, Ta Yeong and Yang, Ge Hoa and Ang, Lin Yang and New, Eng Kein and Siow, Lee Fong and Md. Jahim, Jamaliah and Mohammad, Abdul Wahab and Teoh, Wen Hui (2018) Deep eutectic solvent and inorganic salt pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for improving xylose recovery. Bioresource Technology, 249. pp. 818-825. ISSN 0960-8524

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.07.165

Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have received considerable attention in recent years due to their low cost, low toxicity, and biodegradable properties. In this study, a sequential pretreatment comprising of a DES (choline chloride:urea in a ratio of 1:2) and divalent inorganic salt (CuCl 2 ) was evaluated, with the aim of recovering xylose from oil palm fronds (OPF). At a solid-to-liquid ratio of 1:10 (w/v), DES alone was ineffective in promoting xylose extraction from OPF. However, a combination of DES (120 °C, 4 h) and 0.4 mol/L of CuCl 2 (120 °C, 30 min) resulted in a pretreatment hydrolysate containing 14.76 g/L of xylose, remarkably yielding 25% more xylose than the CuCl 2 -only pretreatment (11.87 g/L). Characterization studies such as FE-SEM, BET, XRD, and FTIR confirmed the delignification of OPF when DES was implemented. Thus, the use of this integrated pretreatment system enabled xylose recoveries which were comparable with other traditional pretreatments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass valorization; Biorefinery; Green solvent; Hemicellulose; Lignin; Oil palm fronds
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 05:33
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 05:33
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21396

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