Detection of Anaplasmataceae agents and co-infection with other tick-borne protozoa in dogs and Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato ticks

Low, Van Lun and Prakash, Batah Kunalan and Lim, Yvonne Ai Lian and Tan, Tiong Kai and Siow, Vinnie Wei Yin and Sofian-Azirun, Mohd and AbuBakar, Sazaly (2018) Detection of Anaplasmataceae agents and co-infection with other tick-borne protozoa in dogs and Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato ticks. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 75 (4). pp. 429-435. ISSN 0168-8162

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-018-0280-9

Abstract

Anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis are of serious health concern worldwide for animals and humans. In the present study, we report the occurrence of Anaplasma platys and Ehrlichia canis in dogs and Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s.l.) ticks from Peninsular Malaysia using a nested polymerase chain reaction assay based on amplification of the 16S rRNA gene. Anaplasma platys was detected from dogs and ticks with prevalence rates of 3.3% (8/240) and 2.9% (4/140), respectively. On the other hand, 12.9% (31/240) of the dogs and 0.7% (1/140) of the ticks were tested positive for E. canis. Additionally, co-infections of A. platys and E. canis with Babesia or Hepatozoon protozoa were also noted in this study. Double infection (E. canis + B. gibsoni) was observed in tick, whereas triple infections (E. canis + A. platys + B. vogeli and E. canis + A. platys + H. canis) were found in dogs. This study represents the first evidence of A. platys DNA in R. sanguineus s.l. in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anaplasma; Ehrlichia; Infectious diseases; Malaysia; Ticks
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 04:00
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 04:00
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21387

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