Shadow education: patterns and scale of private supplementary tutoring in English in secondary education at urban Dhaka in Bangladesh

Mahmud, Rafsan and Kenayathulla, Husaina Banu (2018) Shadow education: patterns and scale of private supplementary tutoring in English in secondary education at urban Dhaka in Bangladesh. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 48 (5). pp. 702-716. ISSN 0305-7925

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2017.1340827

Abstract

Private supplementary tutoring with an additional fee is generally called shadow education, and this has become a common phenomenon in urban Dhaka, where patterns and scale of tutoring in English have been remarkable in recent years. This study used a mixed-methods approach that included quantitative and qualitative data collected from a survey and individual interview. Tutoring in English has been a regular feature of the teaching profession in this urban area. The paper examines various patterns of private tutoring in English and focuses on the amount of tutoring, including the tutoring received and not received by students in urban Dhaka. It shows the variations of scale regarding tutoring in English between male and female students. The study also identifies different types of private tutors who deliver supplementary tutoring. Finally, the choices pupils make regarding their evaluation on the effectiveness of shapes of tutoring in English are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Shadow education; private tutoring in English; patterns of tutoring; scale of tutoring
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 28 May 2019 04:41
Last Modified: 28 May 2019 04:41
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21363

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