Biological properties and chemical diversity of Sinularia Flexibilis, an Alcyonacean Soft Coral

Nagappan, Thilahgavani and Palaniveloo, Kishneth (2018) Biological properties and chemical diversity of Sinularia Flexibilis, an Alcyonacean Soft Coral. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 13 (2). pp. 15-34. ISSN 1823-8556

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Abstract

Soft corals of the genus Sinularia (order Alcyonacea) are one of the most widespread sessile organisms in the Indo-Pacific waters. Unlike the hard corals, the major portion of soft coral is made up of inorganic skeletons consisting of calcareous spicules surrounded by a thin layer of tissue. This layer of tissue, made up of fleshy colonies with organic matter, is responsible in diversity of secondary metabolites. In order to survive the outburst of algal bloom, dynamic of microbial growth and predation of marine organisms, these soft corals synthesize unique chemicals as part of defense mechanism that makes them unpalatable to most marine life. As such, members of the genus Sinularia exhibits a diversity of secondary metabolites ranging from sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, polyhydroxylated steroids, and polyamine compounds. These metabolites had been shown to possess various biological activities such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity. This present paper reviews the chemistry and highlights the potential biological activities of metabolites from Sinularia flexibilis and provides a perspective for future research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biological activities; Secondary metabolites; Sinularia flexibilis; Soft coral
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 07:49
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 07:49
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21174

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