RNA-Seq-mediated transcriptomic analysis of heat stress response in a polar Chlorella sp. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta)

Poong, Sze Wan and Lee, Kok Keong and Lim, Phaik Eem and Pai, Tun Wen and Wong, Chiew Yen and Phang, Siew Moi and Chen, Chien Ming and Yang, Cing Han and Liu, Chun Cheng (2018) RNA-Seq-mediated transcriptomic analysis of heat stress response in a polar Chlorella sp. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology, 30 (6). pp. 3103-3119. ISSN 0921-8971

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-018-1455-9

Abstract

The current outlook on mitigation of global warming does not appear promising, with figures in the reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions lagging far behind climate goals. A recent environmental report even postulated a high possibility of temperature increase of at least 3 °C by 2100. Despite the low number of human inhabitants in Antarctica, the Antarctic Peninsula was reported as one of the most rapidly warming locations on earth. Many studies have shown that heat stress modulates physiological performance in many species of microalgae; however, studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of high-temperature thermotolerance are generally focused on the model species, i.e. Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Furthermore, previous transcriptomic work in this aspect generally employed the microarray technique and/or involved the tropical or temperate strains, and few were conducted on the polar strains. In this study, RNA-Seq-mediated transcriptomic analysis was undertaken to compare the whole transcriptome profile of an Antarctic Chlorella sp. grown at ambient (4 °C) versus stress-inducing high (33 °C) temperatures and harvested at the 120-h time point. The findings of this study indicated a coordinated response to fine tune balance between energy production and utilisation for biosynthesis by redirecting carbon provision, and the arrest of cell division as a coping mechanism for an intense and relatively long period of stress. The strategies undertaken by this alga in acclimation to heat stress are somewhat similar to the heat stress response of the model species.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antarctic; Energy metabolism; Gene expression; Global warming; Temperature
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2019 01:17
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2019 01:17
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21016

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