Influence of Mg Doping on ZnO Nanoparticles for Enhanced Photocatalytic Evaluation and Antibacterial Analysis

Pradeev Raj, K. and Sadaiyandi, Karuppasamy and Kennedy, A. and Sagadevan, Suresh and Chowdhury, Zaira Zaman and Johan, Mohd Rafie and Aziz, Fauziah Abdul and Rafique, Rahman Faizur and Thamiz Selvi, Rajamanickam and Rathina Bala, R. (2018) Influence of Mg Doping on ZnO Nanoparticles for Enhanced Photocatalytic Evaluation and Antibacterial Analysis. Nanoscale Research Letters, 13 (1). p. 229. ISSN 1931-7573

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-018-2643-x

Abstract

In this research, a facile co-precipitation method was used to synthesize pure and Mg-doped ZnO nanoparticles (NPs). The structure, morphology, chemical composition, and optical and antibacterial activity of the synthesized nanoparticles (NPs) were studied with respect to pure and Mg-doped ZnO concentrations (0–7.5 molar (M) %). X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the presence of crystalline, hexagonal wurtzite phase of ZnO. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images revealed that pure and Mg-doped ZnO NPs were in the nanoscale regime with hexagonal crystalline morphology around 30–110 nm. Optical characterization of the sample revealed that the band gap energy (Eg) decreased from 3.36 to 3.04 eV with an increase in Mg2+ doping concentration. Optical absorption spectrum of ZnO redshifted as the Mg concentration varied from 2.5 to 7.5 M. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra showed UV emission peak around 400 nm. Enhanced visible emission between 430 and 600 nm with Mg2+ doping indicated the defect density in ZnO by occupying Zn2+ vacancies with Mg2+ ions. Photocatalytic studies revealed that 7.5% Mg-doped ZnO NPs exhibited maximum degradation (78%) for Rhodamine B (RhB) dye under UV-Vis irradiation. Antibacterial studies were conducted using Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The results demonstrated that doping with Mg ions inside the ZnO matrix had enhanced the antibacterial activity against all types of bacteria and its performance was improved with successive increment in Mg ion concentration inside ZnO NPs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibacterial study; Mg-doped ZnO nanoparticles; Optical study; Photocatalytic evaluation; Structural study
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office > Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2019 07:39
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2019 07:39
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21012

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