Evaluation of the antioxidative and hypo-cholesterolemic effects of lingzhi or reishi medicinal mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes), in ameliorating cardiovascular disease

Rahman, Mohammad Azizur and Abdullah, Noorlidah and Aminudin, Norhaniza (2018) Evaluation of the antioxidative and hypo-cholesterolemic effects of lingzhi or reishi medicinal mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes), in ameliorating cardiovascular disease. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 20 (10). pp. 961-969. ISSN 1521-9437

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.201802837...

Abstract

Oxidative stress (OS) and hypercholesterolemia have been linked with a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because of the numerous drawbacks of synthetic antioxidants and cholesterol-lowering drugs, natural antioxidative and hypocholesterolemic agents are of immense importance. This study was designed to determine both the OS-attenuating and cholesterol-lowering capacities of the hot water extract (HWE) and of five solvent-solvent- partitioned fractions of Ganoderma lucidum. In vitro antioxidative performance of G. lucidum HWE and fractions was measured through DPPH free radical scavenging, Folin-Ciocalteu assay, lipid peroxidation inhibition, and human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation inhibition. In vivo antioxidative performance of G. lucidum was assessed by measuring the plasma and liver antioxidative enzymatic activities (catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase) in G. lucidum HWE-fed rats. In the CVD tests, the HWE at 200 mg/kg b.w. lowered plasma levels of total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and LDL cholesterol and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The current findings indicate the therapeutic potentiality of G. lucidum as an OS-attenuating and hypocholesterolemic agent en route to withstanding CVD complications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ganoderma lucidum; body weight; lipid peroxidation; low-density lipoprotein; oxidative stress; toxicity; medicinal mushrooms
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 09:12
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2019 09:12
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20981

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