Assessing the ecological health status using macrobenthic communities of tropical coastal water

Tavakoly Sany, Seyedeh Belin and Hashim, Rosli and Tajfard, Mohammad and Rahman, Mohammad Azizur (2018) Assessing the ecological health status using macrobenthic communities of tropical coastal water. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 24 (7). pp. 1761-1785. ISSN 1080-7039

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2017.1422974

Abstract

The relative contributions of natural and anthropogenic fluctuations are different in shaping habitat health status and natural benthic communities in tropical coastal water. Understanding responses of coastal benthic communities to these fluctuations are still equivocal and thus available data are inadequate. Here, multiple analytical approaches were used to address the significant risk factors and their impacts on coastal benthic habitat health through space and time. A total abundance of 1436 ± 612 individuals of 33 benthic species were counted and identified from 22 sampling stations across eight sampling periods over the two years of study. Bioassay results showed that the benthic community is moderately exposed to anthropogenic pollutants in Klang Strait coastal water. The results showed that there were no significant temporal changes of habitat health status and macrobenthic community structure; however, spatial changes were significant and synchronized with anthropogenic and natural fluctuations. This study demonstrates that Cd and Hg levels and sediment characteristics played the primary role in shaping the habitat health and macrobenthic assemblages, whereas the influence of other factors were insignificant.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: macrobenthic community; bioassay; ecological risk; anthropogenic pressure; spatial and temporal changes
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 06:21
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2019 06:21
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20506

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