Dynamic and Static Flexural Appraisal of Resin-based Composites: Comparison of the ISO and Mini-flexural Tests

Yap, Adrian U-Jin and Eweis, Ahmed Hesham and Yahya, Noor Azlin (2018) Dynamic and Static Flexural Appraisal of Resin-based Composites: Comparison of the ISO and Mini-flexural Tests. Operative Dentistry, 43 (5). E223-E231. ISSN 0361-7734

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2341/17-224-L


The objective of this study was to determine the influence of specimen dimension and conditioning medium on the dynamic and static flexural properties of resin-based composites (RBCs). One conventional (Filtek Z350) and two bulk-fill RBCs (Filtek Bulk-fill and Beau-tifil-Bulk Restorative) were evaluated. Bar-shaped specimens with dimensions 25 3 2 3 2 mm (ISO flexural [IFT]) or 12 3 2 3 2 mm (miniflexural [MFT]) were fabricated using customized stainless-steel molds, finished, measured, randomly divided into two groups, and conditioned in air or artificial saliva (SAGF) for seven days at 378C. The specimens (n=10) were then subjected to dynamic and static three-point flexural testing. Data for storage modulus, loss modulus, loss tangent, flexural strength, and modulus were computed and subjected to t-test, analysis of variance/Tukey test, and Pearson correlation at a significance level of a = 0.05. For both IFT and MFT, significant differences in dynamic and static flexural properties were more prevalent between materials after storage in saliva. For both conditioning mediums, the strongest correlation between IFT and MFT was observed for flexural strength. While significant positive correlations were observed for all flexural properties with saliva, no significant correlations were detected for loss tangent and flexural modulus with air. For both IFT and MFT, storage in saliva appeared to be more discriminative than storage in air. As moderate to strong positive relationships exist between IFT and MFT for dynamic and static flexural properties, the mini-flexural test holds promise as a replacement for the ISO 4049 in view of its clinical relevance and greater efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dynamic and static flexural appraisal; resin-based composites; ISO; mini-flexural tests
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 07:52
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 07:52
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20317

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