Strategi dan Struktur Kesantunan Melayu dalam Kritikan Mentor: Rancangan Realiti Televisyen (Strategies and Structures of Malay Politeness in Criticism on Mentor: A Reality Television Programme)

Zahid, Indirawati and Hashim, Nasihah (2018) Strategi dan Struktur Kesantunan Melayu dalam Kritikan Mentor: Rancangan Realiti Televisyen (Strategies and Structures of Malay Politeness in Criticism on Mentor: A Reality Television Programme). GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, 18 (2). pp. 134-153. ISSN 1675-8021

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.17576/gema-2018-1802-10

Abstract

Criticism is often labelled as a negative comment. However, it can also be treated as a positive comment. The word ‘criticism’ has broad meanings, such as review. In Malay culture, criticisms are presented in various ways by using certain strategies and structures. The purpose of criticism is to achieve an objective. This can be seen in the criticism given in Mentor; a reality television programme. The data of this criticism will be analyzed by applying Brown and Levinson (1987) and Asmah (2000) theories. The combinations of these two theories are based on the concept of face and personal honour. These formed patterns of politeness strategies from Malay perspectives. The strategy patterns will be structured in the Sandwich technique (Davies & Jacobs, 1985). This study used data from Mentor seasons 1, 2 and 5. Data were downloaded, transcribed and text analysis was conducted on the texts. Utterances from fixed juries, recurring juries and invited juries were analysed and grouped into strategy patterns of politeness. The findings of the analysis show that all the juries tends to use patterns of strategies (on record baldly) + (with redressive action positive politeness) + (with redressive action negative politeness), (BTP)+(BPKP)+(BPKN) with G3 and G1 Malay politeness; with a positive criticism flanking the negative criticism. This proves that while conveying criticism, Malay speakers are still concerned about politeness in communication.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Criticism; Malay politeness; Politeness; Strategies; Structure
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PL Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania
Divisions: Academy of Malay Studies > Jabatan Bahasa Melayu
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2019 08:36
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2019 08:36
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20215

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