A machine learning approach of predicting high potential archers by means of physical fitness indicators

Muazu Musa, Rabiu and Abdul Majeed, Anwar P.P. and Taha, Zahari and Chang, Siow Wee and Ab. Nasir, Ahmad Fakhri and Abdullah, Mohamad Razali (2019) A machine learning approach of predicting high potential archers by means of physical fitness indicators. PLoS ONE, 14 (1). e0209638. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209638

Abstract

k-nearest neighbour (k-NN) has been shown to be an effective learning algorithm for classification and prediction. However, the application of k-NN for prediction and classification in specific sport is still in its infancy. The present study classified and predicted high and low potential archers from a set of physical fitness variables trained on a variation of k-NN algorithms and logistic regression. 50 youth archers with the mean age and standard deviation of (17.0 ± 0.56) years drawn from various archery programmes completed a one end archery shooting score test. Standard fitness measurements of the handgrip, vertical jump, standing broad jump, static balance, upper muscle strength and the core muscle strength were conducted. Multiple linear regression was utilised to ascertain the significant variables that affect the shooting score. It was demonstrated from the analysis that core muscle strength and vertical jump were statistically significant. Hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis (HACA) was used to cluster the archers based on the significant variables identified. k-NN model variations, i.e., fine, medium, coarse, cosine, cubic and weighted functions as well as logistic regression, were trained based on the significant performance variables. The HACA clustered the archers into high potential archers (HPA) and low potential archers (LPA). The weighted k-NN outperformed all the tested models at itdemonstrated reasonably good classification on the evaluated indicators with an accuracy of 82.5 ± 4.75% for the prediction of the HPA and the LPA. Moreover, the performance of the classifiers was further investigated against fresh data, which also indicates the efficacy of the weighted k-NN model. These findings could be valuable to coaches and sports managers to recognise high potential archers from a combination of the selected few physical fitness performance indicators identified which would subsequently save cost, time and energy for a talent identification programme.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Machine learning approach; Predicting high potential archers; Physical fitness indicators
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 01:54
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 01:54
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20024

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