Sugar consumption and caries occurrence among Pakistani school children

Taqi, Muhammad and Razak, Ishak Abdul and Ab-Murat, Norintan (2018) Sugar consumption and caries occurrence among Pakistani school children. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 68 (10). pp. 1483-1487. ISSN 0030-9982

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Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the frequency and pattern of sugar intake among Pakistani school going children and its association with early carious lesion and caries history. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to May 2016 in seven schools of Bhakkar district in the Punjab province of Pakistan, and comprised of school children aged 11-12 years. Diet diaries were used to assess the frequency of sugar intake while caries was assessed using the Modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Bivariate analysis was used to assess the association of sugar consumption and early carious lesion with selected sociodemographic variables, and regression analysis was performed to evaluate the factor that matters most in caries occurrence. Results: Of the 226 subjects, 115(51%) had early carious lesion. Mean frequency of sugar intake was 5.2 +/- 3.2 times per day. Children who consumed sugar between main meals (p=0.01) and within two hours before bedtime (p=0.04) had significantly higher history of having caries. Cariogenic intake before bedtime was significantly associated with overall caries risk (p=0.02). Conclusion: The frequency of sugar intake among the subjects was slightly higher than the recommended level.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sugar intake; Dental caries; Early caries lesion; ICDAS; DMFT
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Practice of dentistry. Dental economics
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Biology
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2018 02:15
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2018 02:15
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19807

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