Convective heat transfer in MHD slip flow over a stretching surface in the presence of carbon nanotubes

Ul Haq, R. and Nadeem, S. and Khan, Z.H. and Noor, Noor Fadiya Mohd (2015) Convective heat transfer in MHD slip flow over a stretching surface in the presence of carbon nanotubes. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 457. pp. 40-47. ISSN 0921-4526

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2014.09.031

Abstract

In the present study, thermal conductivity and viscosity of both single-wall and multiple-wall Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) within the base fluids (water, engine oil and ethylene glycol) of similar volume have been investigated when the fluid is flowing over a stretching surface. The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and viscous dissipation effects are also incorporated in the present phenomena. Experimental data consists of thermo-physical properties of each base fluid and CNT have been considered. The mathematical model has been constructed and by employing similarity transformation, system of partial differential equations is rehabilitated into the system of non-linear ordinary differential equations. The results of local skin friction and local Nusselt number are plotted for each base fluid by considering both Single Wall Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT) and Multiple-Wall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT). The behavior of fluid flow for water based-SWCNT and MWCNT are analyzed through streamlines. Concluding remarks have been developed on behalf of the whole analysis and it is found that engine oil-based CNT have higher skin friction and heat transfer rate as compared to water and ethylene glycol-based CNT.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofluids; Carbon nanotubes; MHD flow; Stretching sheet; Viscous dissipation; Numerical solution
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematical Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2018 01:29
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 00:57
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19522

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