Improved thermal and mechanical properties in hydroxyapatite–titanium composites by incorporating silica-coated titanium

Wakily, H. and Dabbagh, A. and Abdullah, H. and Abdul Halim, N.F. and Abu Kasim, N.H. (2015) Improved thermal and mechanical properties in hydroxyapatite–titanium composites by incorporating silica-coated titanium. Materials Letters, 143. pp. 322-325. ISSN 0167-577X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2014.12.092

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite-titanium composites are promising materials for fabrication of the load-bearing implants. However, the mechanical properties of these composites are negatively affected by formation of fragile compounds during the higherature processing. In this study, titanium particles were coated with a silica layer to decrease the metallic-ceramic interactions at the sintering temperature range. The results indicated the decomposition of hydroxyapatite and oxidation of titanium during the sintering process at 1100 °C. However, the undesired interactions between hydroxyapatite and titanium components were minimized, causing complete removal of calcium titanate and titanium phosphides as well as the formation of stable calcium phosphates in the sintered composite. Consequently, composites containing identical weight ratios of hydroxyapatite and silica-coated titanium exhibited a relatively high Vickers' hardness value comparable to that of titanium-hydroxyapatite composites with a weight ratio of 3:1. Therefore, surface modification of titanium particles using a silica layer could significantly improve the mechanical properties of the obtained composites by increasing their thermal stability during the sintering process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomaterials; Composite materials; Sintering; Phase transformation
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2018 01:37
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2018 01:37
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19485

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