Predator personality and prey behavioural predictability jointly determine foraging performance

Chang, C.C. and Teo, H.Y. and Norma-Rashid, Y. and Li, D. (2017) Predator personality and prey behavioural predictability jointly determine foraging performance. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). p. 40734. ISSN 2045-2322

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep40734

Abstract

Predator-prey interactions play important roles in ecological communities. Personality, consistent inter-individual differences in behaviour, of predators, prey or both are known to influence inter-specific interactions. An individual may also behave differently under the same situation and the level of such variability may differ between individuals. Such intra-individual variability (IIV) or predictability may be a trait on which selection can also act. A few studies have revealed the joint effect of personality types of both predators and prey on predator foraging performance. However, how personality type and IIV of both predators and prey jointly influence predator foraging performance remains untested empirically. Here, we addressed this using a specialized spider-eating jumping spider, Portia labiata (Salticidae), as the predator, and a jumping spider, Cosmophasis umbratica, as the prey. We examined personality types and IIVs of both P. labiata and C. umbratica and used their inter- and intra-individual behavioural variation as predictors of foraging performance (i.e., number of attempts to capture prey). Personality type and predictability had a joint effect on predator foraging performance. Aggressive predators performed better in capturing unpredictable (high IIV) prey than predictable (low IIV) prey, while docile predators demonstrated better performance when encountering predictable prey. This study highlights the importance of the joint effect of both predator and prey personality types and IIVs on predator-prey interactions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Predator and prey personality types; Foraging performance; Joint effect; Predator-prey interactions
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2018 03:05
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2018 03:05
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19214

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item