Preliminary observations of necrophagous dipteran activities and a new host record of parasitoids on a high-rise building

Heo, C.C. and Latif, B. and Kurahashi, H. and Tan, S.H. and Chew, W.K. and Nazni, W.A. and Omar, B. (2017) Preliminary observations of necrophagous dipteran activities and a new host record of parasitoids on a high-rise building. Polish Journal of Entomology, 86 (2). pp. 165-180. ISSN 2299-9884

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/pjen-2017-0011

Abstract

A preliminary study on the ecological activities of necrophagous Diptera on a high-rise building in Malaysia was conducted from April to August 2010. Fresh chicken livers (approximately 500 g) serving as bait were placed on the rooftop (101.6 m from the ground). Three replicates were carried out, each replicate lasting 30 days with daily observations and fly sampling. Maggots found in the bait were collected at random: some were preserved in 70% ethanol while the others were reared to the adult stage. Results showed that the flies arrived on the bait between 8 hours and 3 days after placement. The oriental latrine blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae) was the first to reach this altitude, followed by the scuttle fly Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) and the flesh fly Liopygia ruficornis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). The larvae of Chrysomya megacephala were first recovered from the bait. However, they were succeeded by sarcophagid larvae. The predominant sarcophagid larvae were then raised to the adult stage and the resulting adults were identified as Parasarcophaga dux. The other sarcophagid pupae were either parasitized by hymenopteran parasitoids or dead. We recorded two species of parasitoids emerging from Liopygia ruficornis pupae: Exoristobia philippinensis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and Dirhinus himalayanus (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae). Liopygia ruficornis is recorded as a new host for these parasitoids for the first time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carrion flies; high-rise building; Liopygia ruficornis; Exoristobia philippinensis; Dirhinus himalayanus; new host record; Malaysia
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2018 06:34
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2018 06:34
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19170

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