Preliminary study on insecticide susceptibility status of The Black fly, Simulium (Simulium) Vanluni (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Malaysia

Chen, C.D. and Takaoka, H. and Lau, K.W. and Low, V.L. and Chin, A.C. and Azidah, A.A. and Sofian-Azirun, M. (2018) Preliminary study on insecticide susceptibility status of The Black fly, Simulium (Simulium) Vanluni (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Malaysia. In: 2nd Asian Simuliidae and 1st National Veterinary Parasitology Symposium 2018, 23-24 July 2018, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Susceptibility status of Simulium (Simulium) vanluni (Diptera: Simuliidae) adults obtained from Pahang, Malaysia was evaluated against 11 adulticides representing four major insecticide classes: organochlorines (DDT and dieldrin), organophosphates (malathion and fenitrothion), carbamates (bendiocarb and propoxtlr) and pyrethroids (etofenprox, deltamethrin, Iambdacyhalothrin, permethrin and cyfluthrin). The adult bioassay was conducted according to WHO standard protocol to determine the insecticide susceptibility. Mortality at 24 h post treatment was used as indicator for susceptibility status. Simulium vanluni populations in Pahang exhibited different levels of resistance against II adulticides with mortality ranged from 60.00 to 100.00%. Simulium vanluni was susceptible to propoxur, cyfluthrin and bendiocarb with 100% mortality, but resistant to other adulticides with <98% mortality. The susceptibility status ofS. vanluni in descending order was propoxur, cyfluthrin > bendicarb > deltamethrin > lambdacyhalothrin > pennethrin > etofenprox > DDT > malathion > fenitrothion > dieldrin. Regular surveys should be conducted to monitor the susceptibility status of this insect vector to prevent further development of resistance.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Black fly; Simulium; Insecticide resistance
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Mr. Mohd Safri
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2018 01:57
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2018 01:57
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19146

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