Evaluation of high sugar containing corn genotypes as viable feedstocks for decreasing enzyme consumption during dry-grind ethanol production

Zabed, H. and Faruq, G. and Boyce, A.N. and Sahu, J.N. and Ganesan, P. (2016) Evaluation of high sugar containing corn genotypes as viable feedstocks for decreasing enzyme consumption during dry-grind ethanol production. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 58. pp. 467-475. ISSN 1876-1070

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.06.030

Abstract

Requirement of costly enzymes (α-amylase and glucoamylase) for converting starch into glucose before fermentation is considered one of the cost increasing factors for corn ethanol. Enzyme consumptions can possibly be reduced during dry-grind ethanol production by increasing free sugar contents in corn kernels that will be released and fermented simultaneously with the product of starch hydrolysis, producing an additional amount of ethanol without consuming any enzyme. A comparative study was conducted to evaluate the effect of kernel sugars on enzyme requirement and yields of both hydrolysis and fermentation, using four high sugary corn genotypes (HSGs) and their parent field corns (PFCs). Enzymatic hydrolysis of the genotypes with four enzyme loads (1, 2, 3 and 4 kg MT-1 of dry corn) showed that HSGs produced higher proportions of reducing sugars (RS) in all conditions than PFCs did. Sufficient amounts of RS were produced by HSGs utilizing an enzyme load of 3 kg MT-1, whereas, PFCs consumed 4 kg MT-1 for their best yields. Likewise, HSGs produced higher concentrations of ethanol consuming lower amount of enzymes during fermentation. Therefore, HSGs could be considered as potential feedstocks for enhancing ethanol yield and reducing enzyme consumptions during dry-grind ethanol production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corn; Bioethanol; Fermentable sugar; Starch hydrolysis; Dry grind ethanol
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 28 May 2018 02:05
Last Modified: 28 May 2018 02:05
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18732

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item