Environmental Factors Affecting Health Indicators in Sub-Saharan African Countries: Health is Wealth

Zaman, K. and Ahmad, A. and Hamzah, T.A.A.T. and Mariney, M.Y. (2016) Environmental Factors Affecting Health Indicators in Sub-Saharan African Countries: Health is Wealth. Social Indicators Research, 129 (1). pp. 215-228. ISSN 0303-8300

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-015-1100-9

Abstract

Sub-Saharan African countries faced severe environmental hazards that affect the health and wealth of the countries. The study utilized number of environmental factors including carbon dioxide emissions, energy use, fossil fuel energy consumption, land used under cereal production, household final consumption expenditures and water sanitation facility that have a promising impact on African’s health. The study considered four health variables including external resources for health, health expenditures per capita, life expectancy at birth and out-of-pocket expenditures for seven selected Sub-Saharan African countries namely, Botswana, Cameroon, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Sudan for panel data estimations, over the period of 1995–2013. The results confirmed that environmental factors affect the African’s health i.e., carbon dioxide emissions increases the health expenditures per capita, while it decreases the external resource of health in a region. Fossil fuel energy consumption increases the external resources of health and life expectancy while it decreases the out-of-pocket expenditures of the African countries. Life expectancy significantly decreases the external resource of health. Finally, inadequate water sanitation increases the healthcare expenditures while it decreases the external resources of health and life expectancy in Sub-Saharan African countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health; Environment; Air pollution; Fossil fuel energy consumption; Sub-Saharan African countries; Panel techniques
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 05:51
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 05:51
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18694

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