Investigation of Boron Addition on Densification and Cytotoxicity of Powder Injection Molded 316L Stainless Steel Dental Materials

Aslam, M. and Ahmad, F. and Yusoff, P.S.M.B.M. and Chai, Wen Lin and Ngeow, Wei Cheong and Nawi, M.K.A. (2016) Investigation of Boron Addition on Densification and Cytotoxicity of Powder Injection Molded 316L Stainless Steel Dental Materials. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 41 (11). pp. 4669-4681. ISSN 1319-8025

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-016-2224-1

Abstract

Powder injection molding (PIM) is a hybrid of powder metallurgy and plastic injection molding. It is used to develop metallic molded parts with intricate shapes and with improved properties compared with those offered by their wrought counterparts. PIM dental implants should exhibit biocompatibility, high density, good dimensional control, homogeneous properties and low manufacturing cost. In order to achieve these properties, the effect of boron (additive) addition on sintered density and of process effects on the biocompatibility of sintered implants was studied. In activated sintering, additives are used in small quantities to modify the sintering behavior of stainless steel. A constant amount of nanosize elemental boron (0–1.5 wt%) was admixed with 316L stainless steel and was compounded with complex binder to develop feedstocks using a z-blade mixer. Optimal solvent debinding parameters followed by an optimal sintering cycle played a vital role in the development of biocompatible and densified 316L stainless steel dental implants. Although all boron-containing formulations were injection-molded successfully, only PWA-0.5B-1230 samples were able to retain their shapes after sintering. It was concluded that 0.5 wt% addition of elemental boron favored the formation of 316L stainless steel with a sintered density of up to 98.5 % through the formation of a complex iron boride compound (B6Fe23) on the grain boundaries during the sintering process. The formation of a passive layer on the outer surface of implants was controlled using optimal sintering parameters. In in vitro analysis, the cytotoxicity assessment of sintered dental implants materials was determined using the direct and indirect contact techniques.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Powder injection molding; Boron; 316L SS; Densification; Sintering; Cytotoxicity
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 02:29
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2019 08:54
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18362

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