Implications of climate change damage for agriculture: sectoral evidence from Pakistan

Ahmed, A. and Devadason, E.S. and Al-Amin, A.Q. (2016) Implications of climate change damage for agriculture: sectoral evidence from Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (20). pp. 20688-20699. ISSN 0944-1344

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7210-3

Abstract

This paper gives a projection of the possible damage of climate change on the agriculture sector of Pakistan for the period 2012–2037, based on a dynamic approach, using an environment-related applied computable general equilibrium model (CGE). Climate damage projections depict an upward trend for the period of review and are found to be higher than the global average. Further, the damage to the agricultural sector exceeds that for the overall economy. By sector, climatic damage disproportionately affects the major and minor crops, livestock and fisheries. The largest losses following climate change, relative to the other agricultural sectors, are expected for livestock. The reason for this is the orthodox system of production for livestock, with a low adaptability to negative shocks of climate change. Overall, the findings reveal the high exposure of the agriculture sector to climate damage. In this regard, policymakers in Pakistan should take seriously the effects of climate change on agriculture and consider suitable technology to mitigate those damages.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change; Economic damage; Agriculture; CGE; Pakistan
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Economics & Administration
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2017 06:05
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 06:05
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18139

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