The effects of preconception interventions on improving reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes in primary care: A systematic review

Hussein, N. and Qureshi, N. and Kai, J. (2017) The effects of preconception interventions on improving reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes in primary care: A systematic review. In: 2nd International Conference in General Practice & Primary Care 2017, 18-19 September 2017, Hilton Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background Reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes may be improved if reproductive risk assessment is moved from antenatal to preconception period. Primary care has been highlighted as an ideal setting to offer preconception assessment, yet the effectiveness in this setting is still unclear. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of preconception interventions on improving reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes in primary care. Method MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched from July 1999 to end of July 2015. Only interventional studies with a comparator were included. Results Eight randomised controlled trials were eligible. Preconception interventions involved multifactorial or single reproductive health risk assessment, education and counselling and the intensity ranged from brief involving a single session within a day to intensive involving more than one session over several weeks. Five studies recruited women planning pregnancy. Four studies involved multifactorial risks interventions; two were brief and the others were intensive. Four studies involved single risk intervention, addressing folate or alcohol. There was some evidence that both multifactorial and single risk interventions improved maternal knowledge; self-efficacy and health locus of control; and risk behaviour, irrespective of whether brief or intensive. There was no evidence to support reduced adverse pregnancy outcomes. One study reported no undue anxiety. The quality of the studies was moderate to poor. Conclusion The evidence from eligible studies is limited to inform future practice in primary care. Nevertheless, this review has highlighted that women who received preconception education and counselling were more likely to have improved knowledge, self-efficacy and health locus of control and risk behaviour. More studies are needed to evaluate the effects on adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reproductive health; Pregnancy; Preconception interventions; Maternal knowledge
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr. Mohd Safri
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 01:44
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 01:44
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18116

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