Influence of Immunology Knowledge on Healthcare and Healthy Lifestyle

Abu Kassim, N.L. and Saleh Huddin, A. and Daoud, J.I. and Rahman, M.T. (2016) Influence of Immunology Knowledge on Healthcare and Healthy Lifestyle. PLoS ONE, 11 (7). e0159767. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159767

Abstract

Completing a course in Immunology is expected to improve health care knowledge (HCK), which in turn is anticipated to influence a healthy lifestyle (HLS), controlled use of health care services (HCS) and an awareness of emerging health care concerns (HCC). This cross-sectional study was designed to determine whether these interrelationships are empirically supported. Participants involved in this study were government servants from two ministries in Malaysia (n = 356) and university students from a local university (n = 147). Participants were selected using the non-random purposive sampling method. Data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire, which had been validated in a pilot study involving similar subjects. The questionnaire items were analyzed using Rasch analysis, SPSS version 21 and AMOS version 22. Results have shown that participants who followed a course in Immunology (CoI) had a higher primary HCK (Mean = 0.69 logit, SD = 1.29 logits) compared with those who had not (Mean = -0.27logit, SD = 1.26 logits). Overall, there were significant correlations among the HLS, the awareness of emerging HCC, and the controlled use of HCS (p < 0.001). However, no significant correlations were observed between primary HCK and the other variables. However, significant positive correlation was observed between primary HCK and controlled use of HCS for the group without CoI. Path analysis showed that the awareness of emerging HCC exerted a positive influence on controlled use of HCS (β = 0.156, p < .001) and on HLS (β = 0.224, p < .001). These findings suggest that having CoI helps increase primary HCK which influences controlled use of HCS but does not necessarily influence HLS. Hence, introducing Immunology at various levels of education and increasing the public awareness of emerging HCC might help to improve population health en masse. In addition, further investigations on the factors affecting HLS is required to provide a better understanding on the relationship between primary HCK and HLS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Awareness; Cross-sectional study; Data analysis software; Doctor patient relation; Government; Human; Human tissue; Immunology; Instrument validation; Lifestyle; Major clinical study; Malaysia; Path analysis; Pilot study; Primary health care; Questionnaire; Rasch analysis; Sampling; University student; Adult; Education; Female; Immunology; Knowledge; Male; Middle aged; University; Young adult
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 00:53
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 00:55
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/18029

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