Spina Bifida: Pathogenesis, Mechanisms, and Genes in Mice and Humans

Mohd-Zin, S.W. and Marwan, A.I. and Abou Chaar, M.K. and Ahmad-Annuar, A. and Abdul-Aziz, N.M. (2017) Spina Bifida: Pathogenesis, Mechanisms, and Genes in Mice and Humans. Scientifica, 2017. pp. 1-29. ISSN 2090-908X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5364827

Abstract

Spina bifida is among the phenotypes of the larger condition known as neural tube defects (NTDs). It is the most common central nervous system malformation compatible with life and the second leading cause of birth defects after congenital heart defects. In this review paper, we define spina bifida and discuss the phenotypes seen in humans as described by both surgeons and embryologists in order to compare and ultimately contrast it to the leading animal model, the mouse. Our understanding of spina bifida is currently limited to the observations we make in mouse models, which reflect complete or targeted knockouts of genes, which perturb the whole gene(s) without taking into account the issue of haploinsufficiency, which is most prominent in the human spina bifida condition. We thus conclude that the need to study spina bifida in all its forms, both aperta and occulta, is more indicative of the spina bifida in surviving humans and that the measure of deterioration arising from caudal neural tube defects, more commonly known as spina bifida, must be determined by the level of the lesion both in mouse and in man.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spina Bifida; Pathogenesis; Mechanisms; Genes; Mice; Humans
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 07:16
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 07:16
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/17476

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