Analysis of Parameters for Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Production from Refined Palm Oil for Use as Biodiesel in the Single- and Two-stage Processes

Ilham, Zul (2009) Analysis of Parameters for Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Production from Refined Palm Oil for Use as Biodiesel in the Single- and Two-stage Processes. Malaysian Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 17 (1). pp. 5-9. ISSN 1511-2616

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Abstract

In the present study, the production of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for use as biodiesel from the alkaline transesterification of refined palm oil (RPO) was found to occur optimally using a molar RPO (triglyceride) to methanol ratio of 1:6, in the presence of 1% NaOH (catalyst) in methanol (w/v), at 60ºC, in 30 min and with vigorous mixing. Comparing performance of the reaction that was carried out in the single- and two-stage processes showed that the single-stage process was more superior to the latter as it was faster, easier, required less handling procedure and produced higher yield of FAME. Under the optimally derived conditions, the single-stage process proved capable of more than 95% yield of FAME. When analyzed, the RPO FAME produced met the standards for use as biodiesel in five basic properties tested.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Refined Palm Oil; Biodiesel; Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Production
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Zul Ilham
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2016 10:19
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 02:25
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/16778

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