Effect of antioxidant on the oxidation stability and combustion-performance-emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel-biodiesel blend

Rashedul, H.K. and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Kalam, M.A. and Teoh, Y.H. and How, H.G. and Fattah, I.M.R. (2015) Effect of antioxidant on the oxidation stability and combustion-performance-emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel-biodiesel blend. Energy Conversion and Management, 106. pp. 849-858. ISSN 0196-8904

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2015.10.024

Abstract

Alexandrian laurel or Calophyllum inophyllum oil is recently considered one of the most anticipated nonconsumable or nonedible biodiesel sources. An attempt has been made in this study to increase the oxidation stability and investigate the engine performance, emission, and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine by adding 1% (by vol.) of two antioxidants, such as 2,6-Di-tert.-butyl-4-methylphenol and 2,2'-methylenebis (4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol), in higher percentages of C. inophyllum biodiesel (CB30) with diesel fuel (B0). The experiment was performed on a single-cylinder, water-cooled, direct-injection diesel engine for this purpose. The addition of both antioxidants increased the oxidation stability without significantly changing other physicochemical properties. Results also show that the antioxidants enhanced the start of combustion of biodiesel, which resulted in a short ignition delay. The peak pressure and the peak heat release rate during premixed combustion phase of pure CB30 and its modified blend with antioxidant were higher than those of B0. Both antioxidant blends showed higher brake power, higher brake thermal efficiency, and lower brake specific fuel consumption than pure CB30. Both antioxidants significantly reduced NOX emission; however, CO, HC, and smoke opacity were slightly higher than those of CB30. Based on this study, Alexandrian laurel or C inophyllum biodiesel blend (CB30) with antioxidant can be used as an alternative fuel in a diesel engine without modifications. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Antioxidant; Alexandrian laurel biodiesel; Oxidation stability; NOx reduction; Combustion
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Siti Mawarni Salim
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 06:52
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 01:57
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/16498

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