In situ measurement of shrinkage and temperature profile in microwave- and conventionally-sintered hydroxyapatite bioceramic

Kutty, M.G. and Bhaduri, S.B. and Zhou, H. and Yaghoubi, A. (2015) In situ measurement of shrinkage and temperature profile in microwave- and conventionally-sintered hydroxyapatite bioceramic. Materials Letters, 161. pp. 375-378. ISSN 0167-577X

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Official URL: DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2015.08.136

Abstract

The clear advantages of microwave (MW) sintering in terms of energy savings as well as superior mechanical properties have led to the popularity of this technique in recent years, especially in the bioceramics community. However to date, no study has established a systematic comparison between the sintering behavior of the most commonly used bioceramic, hydroxyapatite (HA), during MW and conventional sintering. Here, we utilize in situ dilatometry along with optical pyrometry to monitor the rate of shrinkage and temperature profile for various sintering conditions of HA. Temperature-dependent dielectric measurements indicate that microwave coupling occurs around 900 degrees C and the maximum linear shrinkage is reached, on average, 4 times faster in MW sintering. Finally we show that by tuning the MW power, one can effectively benefit from the non-linear increase in relative permittivity to exert control over the evolution of microstructures and hence achieve the desired combination of physical properties for personalized biomedical applications. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomaterials; Metallurgy; Dielectrics; Sintering; Thermal analysis; Dilatometry
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Mrs. Siti Mawarni Salim
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 05:11
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2016 05:11
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/16181

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