Surface modification of mixed-phase hydrogenated TiO2 and corresponding photocatalytic response

Samsudin, Emy Marlina and Hamid, Sharifah Bee Abd and Juan, Joon Ching and Basirun, Wan Jefrey and Kandjani, Ahmad Esmaielzadeh (2015) Surface modification of mixed-phase hydrogenated TiO2 and corresponding photocatalytic response. Applied Surface Science, 359. pp. 883-896. ISSN 0169-4332

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.10.194

Abstract

Preparation of highly photo-activated TiO2 is achievable by hydrogenation at constant temperature and pressure, with controlled hydrogenation duration. The formation of surface disorders and Ti3+ is responsible for the color change from white unhydrogenated TiO2 to bluish-gray hydrogenated TiO2. This color change, together with increased oxygen vacancies and Ti3' enhanced the solar light absorption from UV to infra-red region. Interestingly, no band gap narrowing is observed. The photocatalytic activity in the UV and visible region is controlled by Ti3+ and oxygen vacancies respectively. Both Ti3+ and oxygen vacancies increases the electron density on the catalyst surface thus facilitates center dot OH radicals formation. The lifespan of surface photo-excited electrons and holes are also sustained thus prevents charge carrier recombination. However, excessive amount of oxygen vacancies deteriorates the photocatalytic activity as it serves as charge traps. Hydrogenation of TiO2 also promotes the growth of active {0 0 1} facets and facilitates the photocatalytic activity by higher concentration of surface OH radicals. However, the growth of {0 0 1} facets is small and insignificant toward the overall photo-kinetics. This work also shows that larger role is played by Ti3+ and oxygen vacancies rather than the surface disorders created during the hydrogenation process. It also demonstrates the ability of hydrogenated TiO2 to absorb wider range of photons even though at a similar band gap as unhydrogenated TiO2. In addition, the photocatalytic activity is shown to be decreased for extended hydrogenation duration due to excessive catalyst growth and loss in the total surface area. Thus, a balance in the physico-chemical properties of hydrogenated TiO2 is crucial to enhance the photocatalytic activity by simply controlling the hydrogenation duration. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogenated; TiO2; Photocatalytic; Defects
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Chemistry
Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Mrs. Siti Mawarni Salim
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2016 02:58
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2018 03:48
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/16064

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