Molecular characterization among serogroups of pasteurella muitocida isolated from different animal hosts in Malaysia (1996–2004)

N.D., A. and Ajam, N. and Hassan, S.S. and Alim, A.N.M. and Jamli, M. and Sanuddin, Y. and Thong, Kwai Lin (2007) Molecular characterization among serogroups of pasteurella muitocida isolated from different animal hosts in Malaysia (1996–2004). In: The 12th Biological Sciences Graduate Congress 2007, 17-19 December 2007, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya.

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Abstract

Molecular methods for rapid detection and differentiation of serogroups(A, B, D and Untypeables)of Pasteurella muliocida (PM) isolated from 1996 to 2004 in Malaysia were studied. A total of 125 strains were isolated from different domestic animal species (cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits, dogs and cats), avian species (chickens, ducks and turkeys) and wild animals such as deer, tigers, orang-utan (primates, Pangopygmaeus) and marmosets. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) serotyping was 100% species-specific, more robust, accurate and highly specific in differentiating serogroups of P. multocida. All the P. multocida strains exhibited drug resistance against triple-sulfonamides and streptomycin and were sensitive to cefotaxime, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, tetracycline and gentamicin. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic concensus (ERIC), repetitive extragenic palindromes (REP), random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) were used to subtype these microorganisms to determine their genetic diversity. The strains of P. multocida obtained from the differenthosts, were very diverseas determined by the 3 PCR finger printing techniques and PFGE. ERIC-PCR, REP-PCR, RAPD-PCR and PFGE differentiated all the 4 serogroups of P. multacida and generated several PCR patterns and a number of PFGE profiles. PCR techniques were also successful in differentiating the untypeable strains, thus helping to improve the detection of this genus. Multiple subtypes of P. multocida as determined by genetic typing methods are responsible for pasteurellosis among the animal species in Malaysia. This study also indicated that the hosts for pasteurellosis have shifted from food-producing animals to wild animals and pets.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Molecular, Pasteurella muliocida (PM),drug, animal
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Mohd Safri
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2015 00:58
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 08:12
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/14802

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