Cloning, expression and characterization of the endoglucanase gene from Bacillus subtilis UMC7 isolated from the gut of the indigenous termite Macrotermes malaccensis in Escherichia coli

Wei, K.S.C. and Teoh, T.C. and Philip, Koshy and Ismail, Salmah and Arifin, Z. (2015) Cloning, expression and characterization of the endoglucanase gene from Bacillus subtilis UMC7 isolated from the gut of the indigenous termite Macrotermes malaccensis in Escherichia coli. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 18 (2). pp. 103-109. ISSN 0717-3458

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract

Background Bacillus subtilis UMC7 isolated from the gut of termite Macrotermes malaccensis has the ability to secrete a significant amount of extracellular endoglucanase, with an enzyme activity of 0.12 ± 0.01 μmol/min/mL. However, for economically viable industrial applications, the enzyme needs to be expressed in a heterologous host to overcome the low enzyme production from the wild-type strain. Results The endoglucanase gene from B. subtilis UMC7 was successfully cloned and expressed. A higher enzyme activity was observed in the intracellular fraction of the recombinant clone (0.51 ± 0.02 μmol/min/mL) compared with the cell-bound fraction (0.37 ± 0.02 μmol/min/mL) and the extracellular fraction (0.33 ± 0.01 μmol/min/mL). The recombinant endoglucanase was approximately 56 kDa, with optimal enzyme activity at 60°C and pH 6.0. The activity of the enzyme was enhanced by the addition of Ca2 +. However, the enzyme was inhibited by other metal ions in the following order: Fe3 + > Ni2 + > Cu2 + > Mn2 + = Zn2 + > Mg2 + > Cd2 + > Cr2 +. The enzyme was able to hydrolyze both low- and high-viscosity carboxymethyl-cellulose (CMC), avicel, cotton linter, filter paper and avicel but not starch, xylan, chitin, pectin and p-nitrophenyl α-d-glucopyranoside. Conclusions The recombinant endoglucanase showed a threefold increase in extracellular enzyme activity compared with the wild-type strain. This result revealed the potential of endoglucanase expression in E. coli, which can be induced for the overexpression of the enzyme. The enzyme has a broad range of activity with high specificity toward cellulose.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: β-1,4-Endoglucanase; Carboxyl-methylcellulose; Extracellular enzyme activity; Metal ions effect
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2015 06:25
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 08:51
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/14501

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