Self-determination and goal orientation in track and field

Chin, N.S. and Khoo, S. and Low, W.Y. (2012) Self-determination and goal orientation in track and field. Journal of Human Kinetics, 33. pp. 151-161. ISSN 1640-5544

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Official URL: http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23486244

Abstract

This study investigated gender, age group and locality differences in adolescent athletes' self-determination motivation and goal orientations in track and field. It also examined the relationship between the self-determination theory and achievement goal theory. A total of 632 (349 boys, 283 girls) adolescent athletes (aged 13-18 years) completed the Sports Motivation Scale and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. Results indicated significant differences between gender on intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, amotivation (t(630) = 4.10, p < 0.05) and ego orientation (t(630) = 2.48, p < 0.05). Male students reported higher intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, amotivation and ego orientation. A significant difference was found between age groups on task orientation (t(630) = 1.94, p < 0.05) and locality on ego orientation (t(630) = 1.94, p < 0.05). Older athletes showed significantly higher task orientation. Rural athletes had higher ego orientation whereas urban athletes have higher intrinsic motivation. Task orientation was related to intrinsic motivation (r = 0.55, p < 0.01), extrinsic motivation (r = 0.55, p < 0.01), but weakly related to amotivation (r = 0.10, p < 0.01). Ego orientation was related to intrinsic motivation (r = 0.30, p < 0.01), extrinsic motivation (r = 0.36, p < 0.01) and amotivaion (r = 0.36, p < 0.01). Task orientation was related to ego orientation (r = 0.29, p < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation accounted for 30.5% of the variances in task orientation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent athletes; Achievement goals; Motivation; Gender; Age; Locality
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Divisions: Sports Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2015 02:02
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2015 02:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/14254

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