Simulation of left ventricle flow dynamics with dilated cardiomyopathy during the filling phase

Chan, B.T. and Ong, C.W. and Lim, N. and Abu Osman, Noor Azuan and Al Abed, A. and Lovell, N.H. and Dokos, S. (2012) Simulation of left ventricle flow dynamics with dilated cardiomyopathy during the filling phase. In: International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 28 Aug - 1 Sep 2012, San Diego, California.

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Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common cardiac disease which leads to the deterioration in cardiac performance. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach can be used to enhance our understanding of the disease, by providing us with a detailed map of the intraventricular flow and pressure distributions. In the present work, effect of ventricular size on the intraventricular flow dynamics and intraventricular pressure gradients (IVPGs) was studied using two different implementation methods, i.e. the geometry-prescribed and the fluid structure interaction (FSI) methods. Results showed that vortex strength and IVPGs are significantly reduced in a dilated heart, leading to an increased risk of thrombus formation and impaired ventricular filling. We suggest FSI method as the ultimate method in studying ventricular dysfunction as it provides additional cardiac disease prognostic factors and more realistic model implementation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), computational fluid dynamics (CFD, intraventricular pressure gradients (IVPGs), fluid structure interaction (FSI), cardiac disease
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Mr. Mohd Samsul Ismail
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2015 01:06
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 08:51

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