Comparative assessment of the interfacial soft and hard tissues investing implants and natural teeth in the macaque mandible

Siar, C.H. and Toh, C.G. and Romanos, G.E. and Ng, K.H. (2015) Comparative assessment of the interfacial soft and hard tissues investing implants and natural teeth in the macaque mandible. Clinical Oral Invesigation, 19 (6). ISSN 1432-6981

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00784-...

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to conduct a comparative qualitative and quantitative assessment of the interfacial soft and hard tissues investing implants and natural teeth. Materials and methods The test sample consisted of six adult healthy male Macaca fascicularis with three-unit splinted crowns, each crown supported by an Ankylos screw-shaped titanium implant. These implants were placed in the mandibular premolar-second molar region, one side by an immediateloading (IL) and the other by delayed-loading (DL) protocol. The animals were sacrificed after 3 months of functional loading. Another two monkeys with natural dentition served as controls. Nondecalcified sections were prepared for assessment of optical intensities (OI) under a confocal laser scanning microscope. Results In both the test (IL and DL) and control, the soft tissue complexes demonstrated a highly fluorescent keratinized layer and diminished cytoplasmic and enhanced membranous fluorescence in the remaining epithelium. Peri-implant mucosa was further characterized by an intense fluorescence at the junctional epithelium-implant interface and in the stromal mononuclear infiltrate. Connective tissue contact and periodontal ligament were weakly fluorescent. In hard tissues, a high fluorescence was observed in peri-implant woven bone and along the implant-bone interface. Mean OI was significantly higher in peri-implant woven bone than around teeth (P<0.05). In the remaining soft and hard tissue complexes, no significant differences in mean OI between the test and control were observed (P>0.05). Conclusions Present findings suggest that peri-implant woven bone is highly mineralized, while the peri-implant and gingival mucosa share structural similarities. Clinical relevance Optical intensities of interfacial tissues investing implants and teeth are related to their biological properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dental implant; Interfacial tissues; Natural teeth; Optical intensity
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2015 00:27
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2015 00:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/14030

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