Distribution and health risk assessment of trace metals in freshwater tilapia from three different aquaculture sites in Jelebu Region (Malaysia)

Low, K.H. and Zain, S.M. and Abas, R. and Salleh, K.M. and Teo, Y.Y. (2015) Distribution and health risk assessment of trace metals in freshwater tilapia from three different aquaculture sites in Jelebu Region (Malaysia). Food Chemistry, 177. pp. 390-396.

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Abstract

The trace metal concentrations in edible muscle of red tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) sampled from a former tin mining pool, concrete tank and earthen pond in Jelebu were analysed with microwave assisted digestion-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Results were compared with established legal limits and the daily ingestion exposures simulated using the Monte Carlo algorithm for potential health risks. Among the metals investigated, arsenic was found to be the key contaminant, which may have arisen from the use of formulated feeding pellets. Although the risks of toxicity associated with consumption of red tilapia from the sites investigated were found to be within the tolerable range, the preliminary probabilistic estimation of As cancer risk shows that the 95th percentile risk level surpassed the benchmark level of 10(-5). In general, the probabilistic health risks associated with ingestion of red tilapia can be ranked as follows: former tin mining pool > concrete tank > earthen pond. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquaculture; Arsenic; Fish; Trace metals; Monte Carlo; Oreochromis
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Faizal 2
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2015 02:43
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2015 02:43
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/13248

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