Association of a functional FAAH polymorphism with methamphetamine-induced symptoms and dependence in a Malaysian population

Sim, M.S. and Hatim, A. and Reynolds, G.P. and Mohamed, Z. (2013) Association of a functional FAAH polymorphism with methamphetamine-induced symptoms and dependence in a Malaysian population. Pharmacogenomics, 14 (5). pp. 505-514. ISSN 1462-2416

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Official URL: http://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/abs/10.2217/pgs....

Abstract

Aim: FAAH is a membrane enzyme that terminates the activity of a large class of endogenous signaling lipids. Recent studies suggest that the FAAH Pro129Thr polymorphism is a common mutation in the FAAH gene that is significantly associated with drug-addictive traits. This study investigated the association of the Pro129Thr polymorphism of the FAAH gene with methamphetamine dependence, methamphetamine-induced psychosis, manic episodes and panic disorder in a Malaysian population. Materials & methods: This polymorphism was genotyped in 232 male methamphetamine-dependent subjects and in 241 male controls of four different ethnicities: Malay, Chinese, Kadazan-Dusun and Bajau. Intergroup statistical analyses were performed by using the chi(2)-square test and Fisher's exact test, where necessary. In cases of multiple comparisons, the Bonferroni correction was performed. Results: Our results indicated that the FAAH Pro129Thr polymorphism showed a significant association with risk of methamphetamine dependence in the pooled subjects (odds ratio OR: 2.017; p < 0.001) and in the Malay (OR: 2.829; p < 0.001) and Chinese (OR: 3.685; p < 0.001) groups. We also found an association of this polymorphism with episodes of methamphetamine-induced mania in the Malay group (OR: 2.836; p = 0.035). However, there was no association between this polymorphism and age of onset of drug use or the occurrence of methamphetamine-induced psychosis or of panic disorder. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the FAAH Pro129Thr polymorphism may contribute to methamphetamine dependence in the Malay and Chinese ethnic groups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fatty acid amide hydrolase; mania episodes; methamphetamine dependence; panic disorder; psychosis; single nucleotide polymorphism; acid-amide-hydrolase; problem drug-use;
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2014 01:55
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 01:55
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/10971

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