The relationship between polyploidy and organogenetic potential in embryo-derived and root-derived tissue-cultures of vicia-faba L.

Taha, R.M. and Francis, D. (1990) The relationship between polyploidy and organogenetic potential in embryo-derived and root-derived tissue-cultures of vicia-faba L. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 22 (3). pp. 229-236. ISSN 0167-6857

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00033641

Abstract

The cell cycle was examined in embryo and root explants of Vicia faba in culture to test whether or not polyploidy and aneuploidy affected organogenetic potential. Nuclear DNA contents and the mitotic index were measured in the 0-1 mm apical segment of primary roots of 5-day old seedlings and at various times following transfer to modified MS in darkness or Chu's N6 medium in an 8 h light/16h dark cycle (N6-MS programme) at 20°C. Mature embryos were dissected and cut longitudinally. Each half was cultured on the N6-MS programme. Root explants grown on MS in darkness developed into callus but there was no subsequent organogenesis. Only on the N6-MS programme were new roots initiated from root-derived callus. Using the N6-MS programme, embryo-derived callus became green and after 3 to 4 months, produced roots and shoots. Approximately 40 of these cultures regenerated plantlets. Polyploidy occurred within 24 h of culture irrespective of both tissue source and culture protocol. Variations in chromosome number from 2n=2x=12 were also routinely observed. Thus, calluses had the ability to initiate roots and shoots regardless of persistent polyploidy and aneuploidy. Compared with the baseline of cell cycle data for roots in vivo, the proportions of cells in the different cell cycle phases remained constant. Thus, in V. faba induction of organogenesis seems more related to culture protocols than to specific changes to the cell cycle. The mitotic index was significantly lower in vitro compared with meristems of intact roots. © 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Callus cell cycle DNA organogenesis Vicia faba L.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2014 01:02
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 01:52
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/10766

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