Induction of different types of callus and somatic embryogenesis in various explants of Sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa)

Mohajer, S. and Taha, R.M. and Khorasani, A. and Yaacob, J.S. (2012) Induction of different types of callus and somatic embryogenesis in various explants of Sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6 (8). pp. 1305-1313. ISSN 1835-2693

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Abstract

To explore the potential for in vitro rapid regeneration of Sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa), different concentrations of 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP), 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and BAP combined with Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) were evaluated for their effects on the induction of somatic embryos from leaf, stem and root explants. Different explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with various concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 mg/l) of each kind of hormone. Callus induction percentage, fresh weight, color and texture of the callus were assessed after 11 and 22 days of culture. The optimum medium for the proliferation of embryogenic calli from leaf and root explants was MS supplemented with 2.5 mg/L BAP and 0.5 mg/L NAA. Concentrations of 2.5 mg/L BAP and 1.5 mg/L IBA also had a remarkable effect on root and stem explants. The best concentration to produce callus from stem explants was 0.5 mg/L BAP and 1 mg/L IBA. Results of mean comparison showed that BAP and NAA were more effective on different explants than BAP and IBA. Results of the double staining method proved that somatic embryogenesis occurred in the most concentrations of BAP and NAA. Under microscopic observations, the different developmental stages of the embryos (globular, heart, torpedo and cotyledonary) were revealed together in callus cells, indicating that the most tested hormone combinations were effective for somatic embryogenesis formation in this species. Root explants formed torpedo and cotyledonary stages faster than leaf and stem explants in the most combinations. Most calli from root explants were cream colored and friable, while calli were compact and light green from leaf and stem explants. Some combinations gave direct regeneration and (3 mg/L BAP and 2 mg/L IBA) in stem explants and (0.5 mg/L BAP and 2.5 mg/L IBA) in leaf explants had the highest number of shoots with average of 21 and 27 shoots per callus. The developed protocol established the production of different callus types from leaf, stem and root explants and plant regeneration through somatic embryogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1-naphthaleneacetic acid 6-Benzylaminopurine Callus induction Indole-3-butyric acid Onobrychis sativa Somatic embryogenesis Onobrychis Onobrychis viciifolia
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2014 01:02
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2014 01:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/10744

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